Thoughts on the military and military activities of a diverse nature. Free-ranging and eclectic.

Sunday, August 03, 2008

Projektil Amerika I.

This is coolbert:

As the Second World War progressed, the German did develop a desire to bombard the American "homeland". Give back in measure and respond in kind to what the allied strategic bomber force was doing to the cities of Germany.

The German was developing [and only that], weapons that did have, on paper, a capability for long-range attack on American cities, albeit almost exclusively on the Atlantic coast. Attacks that would include manned bombers and missiles of extraordinary range.

1. Missiles.

"They [German rocket scientists] would place a winged V-2 atop and even more powerful missile, the A-10 . . . The A-10, within a minute of blastoff, would propel the V-2 to a speed of 2,700 miles per hour . . They would be able to cross from Europe to America in forty minutes. Indeed, a rocket launch site angled along the great circle route to New York was found when Allied troops liberated Wizernes, France."

An advanced booster rocket, the A-10, would allow the normally ONLY intermediate range V-2 to reach the east coast of the U.S. Since the V-2 warhead would have remained ONLY conventional [1,000 kilograms of Amatol 60/40] in nature, high explosive that is, accuracy over long range would have to be perfect. That would not have been the case. Development of guidance systems was still at a primitive stage!

But dig this: [Thanks to Anatoly Zak]

"The A-9/A-10 concept emerged far ahead of its time, but it was fueled by a dream of the Nazi government in Germany to bomb America, which also gave it a name -- "Projektil Amerika." To reach New York, the A-10 upper stage, would have to follow a string of radio-beacons deployed on submarines spread across the Atlantic. For its final guidance, the rocket could use a transmitter installed by Nazi agents in a window of a high-rise hotel in the heart of Manhattan."

2. Bomber aircraft.

"the Luftwaffe was testing the Junker Ju-390. This six-engine bomber had supposedly test-flown a 6,000-mile round trip for thirty two hours and skirted, without detection, within twelve miles of New York"

Such a bomber aircraft did fly and did make a test-flight all the way across the Atlantic and back, "skirting" to within twelve miles of NYC?! This is news to me!

"in June 1944, Allied Intelligence learnt from prisoner interrogations that a Ju 390 . . . had completed a 32-hour reconnaissance flight to within 12 miles (19 km) of the US coast, north of New York City. This was, however, rejected just after the war by British authorities."

Rejected AFTER the war!! Stress on AFTER!!

"a great circle round trip from France to St. Johns, Newfoundland was possible, adding another 2,380 miles (3,830 km) for a round trip [the Ju-390] from St. Johns to Long Island made the flight 'most unlikely'."

"the Ju 390 V1 was unlikely to have been capable of taking off with the fuel load necessary for a flight of such duration (unless assisted by rockets on take off"

Aircraft could not have taken off with a full amount of fuel to make the long range trip. And could not, in addition, have even carried a payload.

Germany never did develop, in any real sense of the word, during World War Two [WW2], a long-range strategic bomber force equipped with aircraft similar to the U.S. B-17 or B-24. The Luftwaffe was primarily designed as a tactical air arm whose primary role would be to support the ground forces. Serve as a flying artillery more or less.

Plans, projects, developments, mostly on paper, and mostly ideas, too little and too late to have any impact on the war, EVEN IF BROUGHT TO FRUITION!!




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